Cullinan Diamond Mine Facts

Cullinan Diamond Mine is a carrot shaped volcanic pipe and has a surface area of 42 hectares – about 40 soccer fields

The Cullinan Diamond Mine was an open-pit mine, but is now an underground mine since 1945 that produces 25% of the world’s gem quality diamonds.

The open-pit mining at the Cullinan diamond mine began in 1903. It is one of the major sources of blue diamonds in the world.

The Cullinan pipe has three types of kimberlite, namely brown, grey and black (hyperbyssal).

The mine has produced more than 350Mt of ore yielding nearly 120Mct of diamonds. It has reprocessed more than 75Mt of coarse tailings material and yielded 20Mct of diamonds.

Diamond Facts

A diamond is the hardest natural substance known to man (10 on Mohs scale) – where talcum powder being the softest (1 on Mohs scale) softer then human skin

According to Wuzong Zhou, a professor of chemistry at the University of St Andrews, around 1.5 million diamond nanoparticles can be found in a candle’s flame.

If you’re looking to have an everlasting connection with a loved one who has passed away, there’s an option to compress their ashes and turn it into a man-made diamond.

In 2007, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announced the discovery of a 10 billion-trillion-trillion carat diamond in the sky called, Lucy. The star was named after the Beatles song, “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” and is located fifty light years from Earth.